Fishing rods might look like relatively simple objects. That is, until you get up close and have a proper look.
Fishing rods are pretty complex tools and learning the different parts of a rod is very important.
This is especially true if you’re a beginner. Learning the different parts, and how they all work together, will give you a much better understanding of how the rod works. This will, in turn, give you a better understanding of how to fish.
We don’t think it’s controversial to say that learning about and understanding your fishing rod will make you better at fishing.
So, let’s get down to it. Here’s our simple guide to the parts of a fishing rod. Read on to find out the name of every part, their purpose, and how to use them.
Let’s start with the part you’re probably most familiar with. The reel sits very low down towards the base of the rod.
It sits just above the butt. The reel contains the line. It is the reel that you turn to pull the line in.
This is one of, if not the, most important part of the fishing rod. This is because it is the main part through which you control the rod.
The reel sits, unsurprisingly, on the reel seat.
The reel seat supports the reel. It sits at the top of the butt of the rod. The reel seat will vary depending on your rod. Or more specifically, depending on the type of reel on your rod.
The reels and reel seats don’t vary very much. But there will still be a difference. So make sure to double-check exactly what you need.
For a beginner, it’s easy to assume that fishing rods are all the same. But even small details such as the piece of plastic on which the reel sits can be different from rod to rod. And these differences can make a big deal.
The reel seat isn’t as important as the reel itself. But, as it provides the support and base for the reel, it still plays a pretty big role in the whole engineering set up of the rod.
Now that we’ve mentioned it a few times, let’s move a little lower down to the handle of the rod.
The handle is, of course, where you hold the rod. When you first begin fishing, it can feel almost wrong to hold the rod so far down. But this will give you the best purchase and the most control over the rod.
The handle is situated just above the butt cap. The length of the handle will vary depending on the style of the rod. But they all generally sit in the same place.
Handles are also often referred to as the “grip”. This is because it is where you grip the rod but also because of its material.
The handle will be made from a strong anti-slip material. This will help you retain your grip in any condition. It won’t surprise you that there is a good chance your rod will get wet when fishing.
Whether from the water, the weather, or your own sweat. A good fishing rod will provide you with a secure grip.
The Butt Cap
As mentioned above, the butt cap sits between the handle and the butt. It is a strong but soft part, usually made from cork or rubber.
The purpose of the butt cap is to provide extra stability. If you have caught a big fish, or just a fish that is putting up quite a struggle, you can lay the butt cap against your body.
This will give you better support and won’t cause you to poke the end of the rod into your abdomen. This is why the butt cap is made from a soft material. It will be able to bend whilst still retaining strength and integrity.
The butt of the rod, also sometimes called the “plug”, is at the very end. It is the thickest part of the rod and every other part tapers and becomes thinner from this point.
The material from which the butt is made will vary depending on the rod. But whatever the material, the butt will always provide a thick, strong, and sturdy base.
Now let’s move upward from the handle. The ferrule is the meeting point of a join. So ferrules aren’t present in every kind of fishing rod.
They only exist on rods with more than one piece. Some fishing rods come in multiple pieces whereas some are single piece rods.
This might not seem like the most important part of a fishing rod. And sure, it’s not the most important, but the structural integrity of the joins is very important.
The strength of the ferrules will determine how much strain your fishing rod can take.
So, if you catch a big fish that pulls hard, you’re going to need a rod with strong ferrules. Otherwise, the rod can come apart, bend, or be otherwise damaged.
The guides are something a lot of people, especially those who do not have much fishing experience, often forget about.
As you don’t sit peering through the guides as you would on any other tool, it can be easy to forget their importance.
On a standard fishing rod, there will be several guides which run the length of the rod. Unlike most other tools, the guides aren’t for you to look through but rather for the line.
Without the guides, the line won’t run smoothly. Without guides, the line will stray away from the rod, become knotted and tangled, and potentially wear thin or snap.
The guides are circular and very large in comparison to the diameter of a standard fishing line. But this allows for give and better freedom of movement.
The placement of the guides will vary depending on your rod. They can change greatly in size and placement.
So, when buying a new fishing rod, it’s important to make sure you hold it and see how it feels. The placement of the guides dictates the placement of the line and so the direction of the line.
The placement of the line and the guides will then determine where the line is when it drops into the water. So it’s an important factor to consider.
Alongside the guides, there is sometimes a small ring that is referred to as the “hook keeper” or “keeper ring”.
This allows you to hook the line to the rod. This is used when the rod isn’t being used and keeps the line from becoming tangled or trailing.
The windings, usually made of string or a similar material, are bound around the bases of the guides. This is to keep the guides tied to the main body of the rod.
They are not loose or simply wrapped around the guide bases. But are usually glued and then painted over. This makes them flush against the base. The windings on some rods are covered in metal.
Now we’re almost at the other end of the rod. The tip sits at the top of the rod but isn’t at the very end. The very end is the tip top.
The tip of the rod, in stark contrast to the butt, is very thin and flexible. As you have likely seen a fishing rod in action before, you will know that the thinner end of the rod is much more flexible than the thick base.
That said, there is some variation when it comes to flexibility. Some rods have a much harder tip which reduces the flexibility.
Whether you choose a hard or soft tip depends on your style and the kind of fishing you do.
One isn’t necessarily better than the other. But, overall, many would choose a flexible tip.
The Tip Top
Now we are at the complete other end of the fishing rod. The tip top is a guide which sits on the very top of the rod.
It is generally smaller than the other guides' situation along the fishing rod. The line is threaded through this guide last and then plunged into the water.
The tip top, as the name suggests, the smallest part of the fishing rod.
The tip top can be quite fragile so its strength and durability need to be considered. As does the strength and flexibility of the tip in comparison.
Now you know all the parts of a fishing rod from the butt to the tip top, here are some top tips to help you take good care of your fishing rod.
- Be careful with the tip. As mentioned above, the tip top of the fishing rod is very small and quite fragile. The guide can easily snap off so you need to handle it gently. You also need to be careful when you pack it away. It likely won’t snap off when you’re reeling in a fish. You’re probably more likely to snap it yourself when packing away or moving your rod. So make sure to pack it carefully and add extra padding or a cover to the tip top.
- Sand the guides. Over time, or even when you first buy your fishing rod, the guides might have small nicks or an uneven surface. So it’s important to make sure these are sanded down and kept as smooth as possible. Otherwise, the line threaded through the guides will rub against them. This can cause the line to wear out or snap entirely. You really don’t want to be close to reeling in a fish, only for it to be lost because your line snapped. You can easily sand down the nicks or uneven surfaces with sandpaper.
- Clean your rod regularly. This might seem like an obvious one but it’s worth mentioning. Even if your rod doesn’t seem that dirty, it’s worth giving it a rinse or just wiping it down. Especially if you have been saltwater fishing. Saltwater will be the most damaging to your rod. If you really want to give it a good clean, you can use a mild detergent or a solution of water and vinegar. If there is dirt on your rod, make sure to wipe it off. But also make sure it hasn’t gotten into any crevices by cleaning it with a bristle brush. Or just an old toothbrush.
- Wax the ferrules. Although, as mentioned above, not all fishing rods have ferrules, or joins, if yours does then they need proper maintenance. You don’t want the joins to be loose or to come apart easily. But you also don’t want them to become stiff. When you dismantle your fishing rod, make sure to clean it and then dry it thoroughly. If you don’t, then the joins can rust or become damaged (depending on the material of your rod). To keep them in the best condition, it’s also a good idea to apply wax to the joins. This will reduce friction.
- Wear gloves. Chances are, you already wear gloves to protect your hands. Gloves will keep your hands warm and dry and will prevent your hands from being chafed by the handle. But gloves will also protect your fishing rod. The oil and sweat from your hands can, over time, damage the material of the handle. This is especially true of cork handles. Cork is a very soft and absorbent material. So it will absorb any oil that it touches. This includes the oil from your hands. This oil, and sweat, can gradually damage and erode the cork.
So, now you have everything you need to know about the parts and purposes of a fishing rod.
There are probably quite a few more parts than you were expecting.
But now you can go fishing with the confidence that you are completely in control of your rod and know exactly what you’re doing.